Usually, not many alliances are usually formed in the Arab and Islam countries, but these two countries have proven that they can form a lasting partnership. Since the beginning of 1979, these two nations have been in a partnership that has seen them grown in terms of their politics, economy and security levels. When you consider the manner in which both nations operate politically, you will realize that both have a dictatorial form of government and also one that likes operating independently, without the input of the opposition. Common interests in politics is what has majorly contributed to the enduring relationship that exists between these two nations.
An example is the case where they both saw Iraq as a threat to their security levels and labeled it as a common enemy. They were worried that the war in Iraq would slowly penetrate their borders and they, therefore, had to put in strict measures to ensure that this did not happen. The lasting partnership that is present between the Iranian and the Syrian political systems represents a common goal and also the fact that these two are able to fight together as one.
It is through the formed partnership that they are able to achieve some of their set long-term goals, without finding the need to entertain foreign or domestic calls for them to change. The Syrian government became largely dependent on the Iranian government to supply it with political and also military resources that they needed, once the current ruler took office. This is because he was not able to sustain positive relationships with the rest of the Arab powers.
During this period, some of the political members in these two countries signed an agreement which dictated that their military forces would always come together to fight a common enemy. Although there exist some differences between them, it is with no doubt that they have proven they can work together. For example, Syria is known to stand out as a superior in the Arab secular nationalism whereas Iran is known for its revolutionary movement. As a result, these nations have faced international sanctions.
Despite all this, they continue to work together due to the strong alliance that they have. During the war between Iran and Iraq, Syria helped Iran by supplying them with some of the resources that they needed whereas Iran has been helping the Syrian ruling party during its civil war. Also, the fact that they have distinct ideological differences has contributed to the lasting of their partnership, as they do not have to collide over a given issue.